Allergy is the result of an overreaction of the immune system to various substances (e.g. tree pollen, food) that are not normally considered harmful to the body. It might occur at any age. The immune system plays a key role in the body's defenses. It enables the body to recognize various factors that may harm it, such as germs and viruses, and to develop defense reactive mechanisms (eg antibodies, cellular mechanisms) that will provide protection against them. People with allergies have a disturbance in the mechanisms of tolerance, as a result of which they perceive as harmful some substances which under normal conditions are considered harmless and overreact to them.
In recent years there has been a worrying worldwide increase in the incidence of allergic diseases. It is estimated that about 1 in 4 children suffers from an allergy. Most of the allergic diseases are chronic and some can endanger the life of the child if not diagnosed in time and treated effectively. Major allergic conditions include allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, allergic asthma, atopic dermatitis (eczema), atrophic allergy, drug allergy, hymenoptera allergy, urticaria and anaphylaxis.
In children, diarrhea is defined as an increase in the frequency of bowel movements and their volume, but also their increased water content, always in comparison with their previous composition, which differs from child to child. It is important that there is a great deal of heterogeneity in terms of "normal" bowel movements between children.
It is considered normal for a breastfed baby to have a bowel movement after each breastfeeding, while older babies may have one or more bowel movements a day, without this being abnormal. The most serious complication that diarrhea can cause is dehydration. Infants and young children dehydrate faster, sometimes even in less than a day. Severe dehydration can cause convulsions, brain damage and lead to serious complications. Diarrhea is classified into acute (duration 2 weeks), with acute being the most common form.
Children are constantly exposed to germs, viruses and common colds as the school environment, playgrounds and sudden changes in temperature favor the transmission of seasonal diseases. Children often suffer from recurrent viruses, without their body being able to recover well, resulting in complications that can endanger the child's health.
It is well known that food alone is not enough for the body to absorb all the necessary ingredients in vitamins and other elements that will help it stay strong and healthy. As for adults, so for children there are special natural food supplements and superfoods, with concentrated natural ingredients of certified biological origin, which are assimilated 100% by the body providing it with all the necessary vitamins, amino acids, antioxidants, proteins, and trace elements.
Fungal infections of the skin and its components include fungal infections of the skin, hair and nails which are caused by microorganisms called fungi. Depending on the fungus that has caused the infection, skin fungal infections are divided into dermatophytes, candidiasis, dandruff, and unusual fungal infections caused by rare fungal species. Dermatophytes are caused by microorganisms called dermatophytes and selectively invade the keratinized tissues of humans and animals.
Fungal infections are a characteristic infection from early infancy and are mainly attributed to Candida blastomycetes (usually Candida albicans). Transmission is either from person to person or through contact with infected objects. It can also be an autoimmune infection if an untreated yeast outbreak flares up.
Wound is a damage to the continuity of skin tissues and is usually caused by an external factor that acts "violently" on the surface of the skin, such as when a sharp object enters the skin or rubs against a hard surface due to a fall. Superficial wounds often heal quickly without leaving scars. But there are also deeper wounds that can be accompanied by bleeding, be painful and more difficult to heal. The external appearance of a wound can be different in each phase. There may be wounds characterized by dry and hard "crust" (necrotic tissue), as there may also be wet-faced wounds, with the main feature of the production and secretion of fluids (serum, pus).
Minor injuries such as abrasions, cuts, and burns (household, chemical and solar) are wounds to the skin. These sores are sometimes smaller and sometimes larger and are usually treated at home, at work, at school or even on vacation. Minor injuries, such as falls, abrasions and minor injuries, are associated with our daily lives inside and outside the home and are some of the common minor injuries.
The most vulnerable parts of the body to such minor injuries are the hands and especially the finger area. However, if the wound is in an area that is constantly moving, such as the knees or elbows, it may take longer for the wounds to heal.
Burn is a tissue damage that can be caused by heat, cold, radiation, electricity, chemicals, or friction. For example, burns can be caused by boiling water, hot oil, iron or hair iron, kitchen stove, barbecue, detergents, laser, waxing, radiation therapy, etc.
The severity of the superficial burn varies depending on the extent of it on the body and the depth of the damage to the layers of the skin. The superficial burn is manifested by erythema (redness), stinging and limited swelling. It usually heals quickly and without scars within a few days if treated properly. There are also cases where the burn occurs to a large extent showing severe pain, erythema, and blistering.
Sunburn causes pain, erythema and irritation and is treated with the use of cold compresses, moisturizing lotions, special hydro active colloidal gel or with the use of mild analgesics, while it is necessary to avoid dehydration by taking sufficient amount of fluid and with alcohol avoidance.
For particularly extensive burns or burns that have caused blisters but also for burns in children or babies, it must be evaluated immediately by a doctor.